Return of the great deluge Editorial 1Aug


Once again, a vigorous (जोरदार)monsoon  so vital to  India’s  economic fortunes has left some States in ashambles (खंडहर)  .From Assam to Karnataka, heavy rainfall in a short span of time has created paralysing floods  that have taken  a heavy toll of life, wiped out crops and destroyed hard-earned assets. When the waters recede, a familiar cycle of assessment of damage by Central teams, preparation of loss estimates and expensive restoration work such as repairs to river embankments, will follow. In Assam, where 31 deaths have been recorded already, there are projects to strengthen the embankments (बांध) of the heavilysilted (कीचड़) Brahmaputra; the Flood Control Department as well as the disaster relief force have well-funded budgets. Yet, the hundreds of crores of rupees periodically spent on flood preparation, relief and mitigation research in the State have not yielded a protocol that reduces the impact of heavy rain. The swollen (बढ़ना) river invariably dissolves the weak earthen embankments overnight. Now that another furious season is providing fresh insight into the causes, effects and impact of rain and floods in northeastern India and elsewhere, it is time the Centre took a coordinated view  in tackling the crisis. To begin with, it has to review the  efficacy of  the flood forecasts issued by nearly 180 specialised stations now in operation, and the pattern of responses of the 19 States and Union Territories that receive these alerts.
Urban India is no less traumatised (आघात) by floods, but city governments have not learnt too many lessons from devastation and losses. The scenes of  gridlock (गतिरोध)  and frustration in Gurgaon, Bengaluru and Delhi last week travelled around the world, just months after the disaster in Chennai. Can there be a surgical solution to sclerotic (कठनाई) urban planning? Bengaluru is the epitome of  governmental indifference to wetlands, most of which have been severely encroached (अतिक्रमण)  upon or polluted. Being able to live with floods in today’s dense cities requires that these lakes be desilted  and restored on a war footing. New artificial wetlands may have to be created to compensate for those that have already been built over. The spectacle of flooding and destruction should convince the Environment Ministry that it is retrograde to  sanction large real estate projects without an environmental impact assessment. Some real estate companies have been slapped with penalties by the National Green Tribunal for encroaching upon lakes, but urban planning agencies are equally responsible and must also be called to account for tacitly sanctioning the violations. Provision of relief  to those affected by the latest floods has to go beyond patronage (संरक्षण) politics,  and meet the actual needs of the people, particularly those who have suffered extreme losses.


1) Vigorous (adjective) – energetic, powerful
Synonyms: active, athletic, ball of fire
Antonyms: enervated, idle, impotent

2) Shambles (noun) –  mess
Synonyms: anarchy, babel, bedlam, botch, chaos, confusion
Antonyms: order, organization

3) Embankments – a wall or bank of earth or stone built to prevent a river flooding an area.
Synonyms: barrier, bastion, buffet, buttress

4) Silted (verb) – ecome filled or blocked with silt.
Synonyms : become chiked

5) Swollen( adjective) –enlarged
Synonyms: bloated, bulgy, distended, distent.
Antonyms: compressed, contracted, shrunken

6) Traumatised (verb) – subject to lasting shock as a result of a disturbing experience or physical injury.
Synonyms: bother, cut to the quick, distress

7) Gridlock (noun) – a situation of very severe traffic congestion.
Synonyms: barrier, blockage, bottleneck, clog

8) Sclerotic (adjective) – becoming rigid and unresponsive; losing the ability to adapt.
Synonyms: arthritic, atonic, debilitated
Antonyms: healthy, steady, walking

9) Encroached (verb) –invade another’s property, business
Synonyms: appropriate, arrogate, barge in.
Antonyms: keep off

10) Patronage(noun) –support of a cause
Synonyms: advocacy, aegis, aid, assistance
Antonyms: antagonism, detraction, opposition

Word of the day


Deluge (बाढ़)

Meaning :-(noun) – a flood of something
Synonyms: avalanche, barrage, cataclysm
Example : This may be worst deluge in living memory.



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