This time in Africa :- Editorial 13 July



Drawing a link between Indian and South African cultures during his four-nation visit to Africa, Prime Minister Narendra Modi referred to the journey from “Gujarat to Durban” as one “through the spirit of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam (globalism) to Ubuntu”, the last a Zulu word that expresses the core of humanism (मानववाद). The evocative (आवाहक) reference imbues (भर देना) the historical links between India and African nations with a unique warmth. But Mr. Modi also made it clear that this visit was more than about words. In an interview to a South African newspaper, he outlined his focus areas: energy, food andmaritime (समुद्रतटीय) security. His stops at Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Kenya were accompanied by discussions on securing lines of coal and natural gas and funding capacity-building in energy production. In Tanzania and Mozambique, in particular, there were discussions on enhancing the export of pulses to India to meet a demand shortfall. As he travelled along the southern coast of Africa, Mr. Modi spoke to his hosts in detail about shoring up maritime ties as part of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), and linking India’s own “Sagar-Mala” outreach for Indian Ocean islands with the South Africa-authored “Operation Phakisa”, that focusses on Africa’s combined strengths in blue economies and ocean governance. India has been slow to upgrade ties with Africa, and it must chart its own trajectory (प्रक्षेपवक्र)without competing with, or being inhibited (रोकना) by, China’s formidable (विकट) presence in the continent. China’s current hold in trade and investment in Africa is three times India’s, and South Africa, for instance, has a key role in promoting the Maritime Silk Route programme as part of the One Belt One Road initiative.

Mr. Modi’s visit to these four countries in southern and east Africa should, therefore, be seen as a work in progress. Africa is a continent of 54 countries, and each has diverse reasons to improve ties with India — from sharing low-cost technologies and pharmaceuticals (दवा), building on the Solar Alliance and renewable energies, and growing markets for each other’s goods. For instance, 84 per cent of India’s imports from the Sub-Saharan region still come from raw materials and natural resources, not consumer or processed goods. However, if there was one message that Mr. Modi could have emphasised (पर जोर दिया) more, it was the concern over racism in India that students and others from Africa often face. As he spoke in Durban to the Indian community on the history of racism that Indians and Africans had fought together for many decades, a line about India’s commitment to fight the remaining vestiges (अवशेष) of racism domestically would not have been out of place. The omission is, in fact, also a reminder that the outreach to African countries needs to be sustained back home in Indian cities too, in the true spirit of “Ubuntu”.


1. Humanism  :– a rationalist outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters

★Synonyms – civilization, convention
2.Evocative :– bringing strong images, memories, or feelings to mind
★Synonyms – expressive, graphic
3. Imbues  :– inspire or permeate with (a feeling or quality)
★Synonyms – suffuse, ingrain
★Antonyms – drain, take out
4.Maritime : – connected with the sea, especially in relation to seaborne trade or naval matters
★Synonyms – aquatic, marine
5.Trajectory : – the path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces
★Synonyms – orbit, route
6.Inhibited :– unable to act in a relaxed and natural way because of self-consciousness or mental restraint
★Synonyms – frustrated, repressed
★Antonyms – extroverted, aggressive
7.Formidable : – inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable
★Synonyms – dreadful, menacing
★Antonyms – trivial, unthreatening
8.Pharmaceuticals:– a compound manufactured for use as a medicinal drug
★Synonyms –medication, essence
★Antonyms – disease
9.Emphasised :– give special importance or value to (something) in speaking or writing
★Synonyms –spotlight, foreground
★Antonyms – ignore, understate
10.Vestiges :– a trace or remnant of something that is disappearing or no longer exists
★Synonyms –ashes, traces



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